エスニック・ワールド

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制作 : 山下 清海 
  • 明石書店 (2008年4月10日発売)
  • Amazon.co.jp ・本 (257ページ)
  • / ISBN・EAN: 9784750327587

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  • (スエーデンの大学院で学んでいた時分に、学内のポータルにアップしていたものを引っ越しています)

    The book is a compilation of short papers of 18 researches.

    After reviewing analysis frameworks on ethnic studies, the book goes on to discuss on overseas ethnic societies of Japanese, Chinese, and Indians, then discuss specific status of ethnic groups in the following countries, USA, Canada, Brazil, UK, Germany, France, Spain, The Netherlands, China, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, and Australia. Finally the book discusses on ethnic groups in Japan, e.g. Ainu, Korean, Chinese, Brazilian, and Indians.

    According to the book, there are 3 patterns a ethnic group come to exist. 1) A stronger power such as a new nation comes to rule one group of people in one geographical and make them ethnic, 2) A group of people emigrates into a foreign country and forms a ethnic group, and 3) New immigrants and/or the majority of people in one nation pushes one group of people to a margin and make them ethnic.

    Based on this broad framework, the book reviews history and evolution of ethnic groups in each counties above and shows various forces, such as economy, politics, international relations, cultures, have influences in forming ethnic groups as they are now.

    Out of sections, I found a description of new Indian residents in Tokyo the most interesting. In the last 10 years or so there are a growing number of new Indian resident in Tokyo, especially in the wards to Edogawa/Koto (eastern parts of central Tokyo). Only in Edogawa ward, more than 1000 Indians are living (2005). Many of the new residents are judged to be young, male IT professionals who commute to the central Tokyo and their families. Many of them will leave Japan once IT project in Tokyo finishes, probably within a few years.

    Even when they tend to live in a small geographical area, you can hardly find the hints of their living there. Instead, they are connected via Internet and exchange information. Their wives tend to get together in one Indian's house physically during the daytime of weekdays and spend hours in speaking in English. Their kinds are in Indian schools (there are two in eastern Tokyo) where they learn math as good as they learn in good schools in India Proper. They are certainly living in Japan, but local people can hardly see them.

  • 世界中にインド人社会はある。
    日本にもあるし、たくさんのインド人がいる。
    かつて住んでいたオランダにもモロッコ系などたくさんいた。

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エスニック・ワールドの作品紹介

国境を越えたグローバルな人の流れは近年始まったことではない。世界を移動する人々、強大な移住民により、また国境の移動により周縁に追われた人々が世界各地に形成した集団の姿を解説し、ホスト国と接触し影響しあう民族社会のダイナミズムを見つめた入門書。

エスニック・ワールドはこんな本です

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