The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently...and Why

  • Free Press (2004年5月8日発売)
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  • 本棚登録 :23
  • レビュー :4
  • ・洋書 (288ページ)
  • / ISBN・EAN: 9780743255356


A "landmark book" (Robert J. Sternberg, president of the American Psychological Association) by one of the world's preeminent psychologists that proves human behavior is not "hard-wired" but a function of culture. Everyone knows that while different cultures think about the world differently, they use the same equipment for doing their thinking. But what if everyone is wrong? "The Geography of Thought" documents Richard Nisbett's groundbreaking international research in cultural psychology and shows that people actually think about--and even see--the world differently because of differing ecologies, social structures, philosophies, and educational systems that date back to ancient Greece and China. As a result, East Asian thought is "holistic"--drawn to the perceptual field as a whole and to relations among objects and events within that field. By contrast, Westerners focus on salient objects or people, use attributes to assign them to categories, and apply rules of formal logic to understand their behavior. From feng shui to metaphysics, from comparative linguistics to economic history, a gulf separates the children of Aristotle from the descendants of Confucius. At a moment in history when the need for cross-cultural understanding and collaboration have never been more important, "The Geography of Thought" offers both a map to that gulf and a blueprint for a bridge that will span it.

The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently...and Whyの感想・レビュー・書評




  • 放送大学『社会心理学』(2014年2学期履修)で取り上げられた『木を見る西洋人、森を見る東洋人』(ダイヤモンド社)の原書。

  • 洋図書 143.8/N79
    資料ID 2011103800

  • This book succeeded to clarify the difference of thinking-way between Asians and Westerners by scientific approach. For me, the contents of this book are strongly convincing. I think this book helps my better communication with foreigners on both of private and business.

    Logic formalism
    - Tend to distinguish between Objects and Environments and to reject antilogies / contradictions.
    - Tend to stick to logical approach and to be satisfied with only creating logical models.
    (Don't consider the reason of why peaple acted so and why world is it.)
    - Causes many nonsense scientific theories.

    Antilogy and moderation
    - Tend to think there is the truth in both of contradicting things.
    - Tend to believe data with more mix of anilogy than alone.
    - Late to get the truth in science because Asians are bad at take the fastest way which is realized by reiteration of hypothesis (simple and bold but sometimes nonsense) and test.
    - Provide a comprehensive perspective to the world.

    Professor of psychology in the University of Michigan.
    Member of the American Academy of Sciences.


    - 対象物を文脈から切り離して考える。矛盾を許容しない(二者択一的)。
    - 論理的なモデルを作ることに力を注ぐ。(行動の意味やなぜ世界がこうなのかについて考える事に力を注いでこなかった。)
    - 時にナンセンスな科学モデルを作り出す。

    - 一見対立する両者に真実があるとかんがえる。.
    - ひとつのデータを見せられるより、それと矛盾するデータと一緒に見せられると、よりそのデータを信じるという調査結果。
    - 科学において、真実を発見することが遅い。(世界を複雑なものと見ており、大胆な仮説を立てるのが苦手。。)
    - 世界に対して包括的な視点を持てる。



  • かなり面白い!アジア人と西洋人の違いについてよくわかります。英語だけど、experimentが多くてすらすら読めるよ。これは、アメリカ人と付き合うのは大変に違いないとおもいました 笑

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