The Mental Corpus: How Language Is Represented in the Mind (Oxford Linguistics)

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Applied Linguistics & SLAさん 認知言語学   積読 

Abstract:

This book presents a radical reconceptualization of the nature of linguistic
knowledge. John Taylor challenges the conventional notion that a language
can be understood in terms of the interaction of syntax with a lexicon, the
second listing the words and the first the rules for combining them. He
proposes instead that an individual's knowledge of a language can be thought
of as a repository of memories of linguistic experience. Each encounter with
the language, he argues, leaves a trace in our minds. We record the forms of
utterances, the concepts and interpretations associated with them, and the
contexts in which they were heard or seen. Features of incoming language - a
word, a phrase, a meaning, a voice quality, an interactional situation -
resonate with items already stored. Similarities between stored items give
rise to generalizations of varying degrees of certainty and precision, which in
turn are able to sanction new and innovative expressions.

John Taylor writes with conviction, clarity, and wit, illustrating every stage of
his argument with arresting examples. His account makes a profound and
original contribution to understanding the nature of language and the
operations of the mind and brain. His book will appeal in equal measure to
linguists, philosophers, and cognitive scientists.

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2012年7月8日
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2012年7月8日
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